sermon: The Providence of God (Part 1)
John W. Ritenbaugh
Given 12-Dec-98; Sermon #371; 73 minutes
John Ritenbaugh, defining providence as the protective care of God, suggests that the providence of God also touches on the pains and sufferings of persecution. To the elect whom God foreknew, all things- pleasant or unpleasant- happen for ultimate good (Romans 8:28). Tragic things, calamities, trials, anxiety, evil, and curses happen to Christians too, as well as blessings, in order to become fashioned and molded into the glory of God's image. As Christ learned from the things He suffered (Hebrews 5:8), we must also develop patience, refrain from murmuring, and realize that "time and chance" no longer apply to those whom God has called. Whatever it takes to bring God's purpose to pass, we need to develop the humility, obedience, and faith to accept.
Acts of God Anomalies Arkansas Canaanites Chariots of iron Cloudburst Continuous involvement Darkness David Deists Disobedience Dualism Escape Fickleness of chance Futility Hope Intervention Job Judgment Knowing God Lack of understanding Mental adjustment Miracles Mount Sinai Mount Tabor Natural laws New creation Qualifiers Random acts Red Sea Revelation Sisera Solomon Sustain Temptation Tornado Uriah Vanity
God Himself is not much thought of in many areas of society except in terms of profanity. Among the more religious He is not much thought of except at times whenever there is a deep trial that people are going through. Then they begin to call on God during their stress.
I began thinking about this subject of providence before the Feast, possibly using it during the Feast as a sermon or a series of sermons that I would go through, but I put it aside because I got the idea about "The Fear of God." I put it aside, and then didn't begin thinking on it seriously until after the Feast when I was mediating on the theme of John Bulharowski's sermon that he gave during the Feast. The main theme of his sermon was that the experiences and events that appear on the surface to be curses may actually be blessings in disguise. He used the experiences of Job, as recorded in the Book of Job, as his primary illustration.
I think the concept that he had is true, and it is not something generally understood, and it is even much more difficult to accept. But brethren, we have to come to know God. We know that He must be feared. We know that He must be loved. We know that He must be obeyed. We know that He must be glorified. This is not always easy to do, especially when our level of faith is low.
It's my hope in this series that it will give us greater understanding of Him as our Creator in the outworking of His purpose as a group, as individuals, and that our faith will increase, and that we will be humbled too as a result of it. It is my hope that we can use these principles contained within this subject to give us a more complete perspective of what is happening in our lives, in the greater church of God in its scattering, and in a much more general, much broader, the whole wide world during all of its existence.
Most of us are so familiar with the children of Israel coming out of Egypt, but sometimes we don't think deeply about some of the things—the size, the scope, the gigantic proportions of what was involved in what happened there. Perhaps some of you are on the Internet, and you're well connected with E-mail addresses all over the place, and people are sending you things that they pick up off the Internet, knowing that you might be interested in them. Maybe this that I'm going to tell you, or at least give you a brief summary of, is something that has passed by your eyes. I want you to think of this in terms of the providence of God, because the author of this certainly had the providence of God and the children of Israel leaving Egypt and being out in the wilderness in mind when he did it.
This was offered by a man who, of what I was able to perceive (and maybe I'm wrong here) is the headmaster of a Christian military-type academy. This military academy has a Christian philosophy that undergirds the operations of the way they think and the way they do things.
He estimated that the number of Israelites that were involved in this was somewhere between three million and three and one-half million. We have generally been more conservative on that, saying usually two million, to maybe two and one-half million. His object was to give us some sort of an appreciation of God's providence.
For example, if there were three to three and one-half million Israelites, what concept comes to mind about the parting of the Red Sea? Is it something similar to maybe what you saw in the movie "The Ten Commandments," with Moses lifting up his staff, and the waters part, and it looked like maybe the pathway through there was about as wide as a boulevard that you would see in a major city street?
Well, this man calculated with somewhere between three and three and one-half million people—if God parted the waters so that two abreast could walk side by side through that parting—that the line would have been 800 miles long. This would have been impossible for them to get through in the time constraints, because they only had one day to do it—the 7th day of the Days of Unleavened Bread.
So he calculated that in order for all of those people to get across within the time slot that God gave them, that God would have had to have parted the water wide enough for 5,000 people to walk abreast through the parting. They had very many cattle. They had wagons and carts besides of all the people to get through there, and they didn't have a whole week to be able to do it. That's much more grandiose than Charleton Heston ever dreamed of while they were doing that.
The miracles don't end there, because we're talking about the food necessary to fill the stomachs of three to three and one-half million people—let's say even two meals, or maybe three meals a day—he calculated that it would take two train loads one mile long to feed that many people, and God did it every day for forty years.
When we throw in the water, only allowing two gallons of water a day per person, not even including the animals, it would also take a couple of trains one mile long to supply all the water those people needed. Again, God did that day after day, year after year. Every night when they camped, they needed a space one-half the size of the State of Rhode Island.
Brethren, this is normally the way that we think of God's providence, of Him pouring out His gifts, His blessings, so abundantly. Millions of people received the benefit of them. Maybe it will help you to get a little bit better picture of this if you think of the city that you live in.
Evelyn and I live in Charlotte, North Carolina. The metropolitan area of Charlotte is approaching one and one-half million people. Here we are in Saint Louis, and I would imagine that the population of Saint Louis is somewhere near that as well. I want you people to think of how many supermarkets you have in your city that people are going to every day to get food. God Himself had brought up food onto the ground. Think of how many trains and how many trucks are coming into your city every day to keep you in food.
Providence has to do with what we might simply define as being the protective care of God, or we might say the provision of God. I want you to think about this regardless of its nature, because that is what this series is going to focus on—the provision of God, regardless of its nature. The reason for this, as we're going to see, is that the providence of God also touches on the pains and suffering of persecution. It touches on faith, and His sovereignty. It is involved in the sometimes violent and inexplicable deaths, such as we saw during the Feast, of men like Nadab and Abihu.
I believe that the providence of God is the overall subject of the book of Job. It is involved in the blessings of life and our every-day need. It is deeply involved in our judgment of things that happened in both ours and other people's lives. It is involved in what might be called "the ordinary trials of life." It is involved in overcoming and in growth as a son of God, as well as peace and contentment, and our perspective on life—the way that we look at things. It is, brethren, a very complex subject.
I also want to confess to you right up front that I don't have very many clear-cut answers in specific circumstances. I too am looking through a glass darkly. I see a number of generalities, but not an equal number of specifics.
God's revelation of Himself and His purpose in the Bible is an evolving process. It's progressive. It begins in Genesis with Him creating and establishing Himself right at the very beginning as Creator. I'll tell you, that is loaded with meaning. He is Creator. But bits and pieces of the knowledge of Himself, of His revelation of Himself and His purpose, come bit by bit. There's a little bit here, and a little bit there.
We have the episode with Abraham, establishing him as "the father of the faithful." We have Isaac, and then Jacob, and things having to do with their lives. And we have Moses, and all the things that he went through. We have Samuel and David, and little by little bits and pieces of what He is and what He is doing come out. It has to be this way, because we don't learn everything all at once either. It is a natural process for us to learn "little by little." We go through the grades in elementary school. Then we go through the grades in high school, and we go through the different levels when we go on to college.
God's providence in the Old Testament is very clearly and distinctly tied to "obedience" and "disobedience." Perhaps the clearest statement on this is in Leviticus 26 and Deuteronomy 28—"If you obey Me, I will bless you. If you disobey Me, I will curse you." We see this in many many places all the way through the Old Testament, except in the book of Job. It's almost like it's an anomaly.
In the New Testament things are quite different, and God's providence is not tied very tightly to obedience/disobedience, but rather to the "new" creation. This is a big difference, which you and I are involved in. He is creating us in Christ Jesus, and providence has to be seen by us primarily within that perspective.
Despite the anomalies that we see in regard to providence, partly because our understanding of it may be limited, it's a very great benefit for us to deal with it. We're going to begin in Romans the 8th chapter, because this is the subject that is the invisible thread that runs through Romans 8, and becomes very apparent as we get toward the end of the chapter.
Romans 8:18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.
Suffering. Glory. Paul uses the word "suffering" as though it's a given—it's going to happen. Where's God while we suffer? Is suffering part and parcel of His providence? Is it really a blessing in disguise?
Romans 8:19 For the earnest expectation of the creation waits for the manifestation of the sons of God. [There is the aim.] For the creation was made subject to vanity [futility] . . .
Is life sometimes seemingly futile? Is it wasting away at times?
Romans 8:19-22 ....not willingly, but by reason of him who has subjected the same in hope, because the creation itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation groans and travails in pain together until now. And not only they, but ourselves also.
Romans 8:24-25 For we are saved by hope; but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a mans sees, why does he yet hope for? But if we hope for that we see not, then do we with patience wait for it.
How can we have more patience? It's tied to this subject.
Romans 8:28-32 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified. What shall we then say to these things? If God be for us, who can be against us? He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
Now for this sermon, the emphasis needs to be on that little three-letter word "all." "We know that all things..." He will freely give us all things. Toward what end? It would have to be, brethren, toward the things that Paul has been stating right in this context—reaching glory. Do you see it in the context of pain, of suffering, of decay, of futility, of vanity? Is that part of God's providence? You're going to have to answer that to yourself, or it's quite possible that you're not going to be able to deal with life, or let's say even with what the church is going through at this time.
Was John Bulharowski correct, that things that seem to be curses might actually be blessings? That's what we're considering. So does that mean that everything is providential? There are two qualifiers here. They're both given in verse 28. "All things work together for good to them that love God [Qualifier No. 1], to them who are the called [Qualifier No. 2]." Paul is not saying that everything works toward the good of everybody, but it works toward the good of those that love God, and are also "the called." Those two qualifiers have to be met.
We're going to tie this one about the called a little bit more tightly, because in verse 29 it says, "For whom He [God the Father] did foreknow. . . ." Because it is tied to the called, and those who are going to be glorified, we know then that the ones He foreknew are "the called." They are called in verse 33 "the elect." So "foreknow," then, by definition—right within the context—does not mean those with whom God is merely acquainted, but rather it means that God has drawn certain people into a very intimate relationship with Him, as in "Adam knew his wife Eve." That's the kind of relationship that he is talking about.
The ones that meet these qualifiers are the ones that God foreknew—drew into a relationship with Him. They are the ones that He predestinated to be conformed to the image of His Son, that they might be resurrected brothers and sisters of the Firstborn, Jesus Christ. All things work together for good.
Do you see how the ripples are expanding out, so that whatever happens in your life—if you love God, and you are one of the called; if you're one of the elect—then everything that happens in your life has good within its context?
Now just to make sure that we get the point, Paul goes on in verse 33.
Romans 8:33-35 Who shall lay anything to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifies. [He's the One that's overseeing everything that is going on.] Who is he that condemns? It is Christ that died, yes rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also makes intercession for us. Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation [curse or blessing], or distress [curse or blessing], or persecution [curse or blessing], or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword [death]?
This is a subject that really hits home, and if the Great God is dealing with us, then we can expect things like this are going to occur, and that He expects us to understand this and make the mental adjustment to the situation that we find ourselves in. Can we do that? That is one of the great challenges of our calling, as to whether we can make that kind of an adjustment to what is going on in our lives. This is why I said earlier it has very much to do with our judgment concerning what is going on in our lives, as well as other people's lives.
Let's go to Job 13:1 so that we get a little bit of flavor of the context. My Bible has at the very top of this paragraph, "Job Defends His Integrity."
Job 13:1-3 Lo, mine eye has seen all this, mine ear has heard and understood it [the argument his friend has put before him]. What you know, the same do I know also: I am not inferior unto you. Surely I would speak to the almighty, and I desire to reason with God.
Job 13:13 Hold your peace, let me alone, that I may speak, and let come on me what will.
What was he going through? It was a terrible trial. "Let come on me what will."
Job 13:14 Wherefore do I take my flesh in my teeth, and put my life in my hand?
In effect, he was saying: "God, do with me what You want."
Job 13:15 Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him: but I will maintain my own ways before him.
Verse 15 is undoubtedly an expression of unquenchable faith. The second phrase there says: "But I will maintain." Maintain in more modern English means defend. He is saying that he will defend his own position in the arguments that were going back and forth between his three friends and himself. The reason Job said this is not that he necessarily considered himself a really great person. Not at all. His three friends jumped to the conclusion that sin was responsible for Job's problem. But it was not. The very first chapter of Job makes it very clear that God Himself judged Job as being "upright, blameless, and one that shunned evil." Job knew what kind of life that he was living. He feared God. He honestly did, and he had a very strong conviction that he was not living a life of sin. But—and this is a big 'but', and this is where the lesson comes in for the book of Job—he still had a very difficult time accepting what he was going through, because he couldn't understand why this was happening.
Remember I mentioned to you earlier that the book of Job is an anomaly here in the Old Testament, because the providence of God—His blessings—is tied to obedience. And Job knew that he was obedient. He didn't know that there was anything wrong with him. God even admitted that Job was an obedient person, shunning evil. Job couldn't put his finger on why he was going through all this horrible pain that he had as a result of the sickness, why his family was wiped out, and why all his prosperity was gone. Should the kinds of things that Job went through be considered as part of the "all [things]" of Romans 8:28?
We used to preach that Job was guilty of self-righteousness. But brethren, that is not the issue either. A very strong indication comes when Job repented. Turn to chapter 42 and let's read what Job himself said.
Job 42:1-2 Then Job answered the LORD, and said, I know that you can do everything [anything You want to] and that no thought can be withheld from you.
Modern translations will say: "No purpose of Yours can be withheld. No man can resist the will of God. I know that you know everything, God, and no purpose of Yours can be held back."
Job 42:3 Who is he that hides counsel without knowledge? [Job is talking about himself here.] Therefore have I uttered that I understood not; things too wonderful for me, which I knew not.
He is confessing his lack of understanding. What didn't he understand? First, he didn't understand that God can do anything He wants (verse 2), and God can do anything He wants to anybody. He can put that person through any circumstance.
Job 42:4-5 Hear, I beseech you, and I will speak: I will demand of you, and declare you unto me. I have heard of you by the hearing of the ear: but now my eye sees you. [Now I get it.]
So what do these verses say to you about Job's repentance? Job repented of his lack of understanding. He repented of his not really knowing God. He repented of saying a lot of things that he wished he hadn't. He repented of his murmuring failure to patiently accept his condition with understanding. He didn't see it as part of God's creative activity. Now he did.
One of the events of my responsibility as a minister that I have always dreaded since the very first one that I had to perform many many years ago, was the funeral of a young child. It doesn't matter whether it's a baby, a five-year old, or a teenager. Second to that is the death of a young mother. They are very difficult because so little is understood of the circumstance, but the reality of death is there, and there is no escaping it. A young life so full of promise and hope is gone, and there are all kinds of whys, all kinds of loose ends, and there aren't any satisfying answers.
We have to be aware of these things, because that's the kind of thing that Job was going through, only his was major, major, major trouble. His whole family, except his wife, was gone. He stated, "That which I feared has surely come upon me." You can tell that what he feared in his life was the loss of his family. He feared the loss of his prosperity, his money, and his own health being wiped away. They were all wiped away in a matter of a very short period of time.
I can remember when I worked in the steel mill a young fellow said to me one time, "Do you know what the most fearsome verse in the Bible is?" I said, "No." I think he quoted Job 3:25: "For the thing which I greatly feared is come upon me." So his comment to me was, "Don't be afraid...or it will happen." But it happened to Job, and it may happen to us.
Go now to I Corinthians 10:13 as we continue to lay the foundation for this subject.
I Corinthians 10:13 There has no temptation [no test, no trial] taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer [allow] you to be tempted above that you are able: but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that you may be able to bear it.
There is no escaping the reality of the principle that Paul is talking about here. Tragic things, crises, tests, temptings, trials, and curses happen to Christians too. But in very many respects, they are the very same things that people in the world are going through. They happen to us since we qualify as being among those who love God, those who are the called. I am sure that God wants to learn from us what we have learned from our relationship with Him.
It's sort of like Job had to learn. God got Job to analyze what he had learned from the relationship with Him. Basically, what Job did in his arguments was to ask this question, "Where is God in all of this?" We do that, I am sure. We can ask, "If He is all-powerful, and He loves me, why does He allow these things to happen? How can this horrible trial that I am going through be considered as providential?"
Now David went through something here that we can see in II Samuel 11 and 12. He brought this upon himself.
II Samuel 11:27 And when the mourning [for Uriah] was past, David sent and fetched her [Bathsheba] to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased the LORD.
We know the story. David lusted after this woman, committed adultery with her, and then deceitfully plotted the death of her husband as the way out of his difficulty.
II Samuel 12:7-11 And Nathan said to David, You are the man. Thus says the LORD God of Israel, I anointed you king over Israel, and I delivered you out of the hand of Saul; and I gave you your master's house, and your master's wives into your bosom, and gave you the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too little, I would moreover have given unto you such and such things. Wherefore have you despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? You have killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and have taken his wife to be your wife, and have slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon. Now therefore the sword shall never depart from your house: because you have despised me, and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife. Thus says the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against you out of your own house, and I will take your wives before your eyes, and give them unto your neighbour, and he shall lie with your wives in the sight of this sun.
I want you to see that God's indictment of David makes it clear that all these blessings came on him as a result of God's providence: "I raised you up to be king." "I gave you your master's house." "I gave you the wives," and on and on. So God did this, and God did that.
We know that God gave David forgiveness, but He also gave him a painful temporal judgment as well. But even in that judgment we also see mercy, because God could have struck David dead. He had every right to do so, but He did not, even though David had committed two capital crimes before God. The Scripture in verse 10 also clearly says that the sword would never depart from his house, and in verse 15 it says that God struck the child.
We readily claim the things that appear on the surface to be pleasing and favorable to us as blessings from God. "Hey! We got a pay raise." "Oh! We got time off." "Hey! We got good neighbors now." "Hey! Things are reconciled within our family." We could go on and on with those type of things, but what about the circumstances and events that are painful and anxiety producing?
Since we set the stage there, let's add something else to the mix here. It's in the book of Isaiah.
Isaiah 45:5 I am the LORD, and there is none else, there is no God beside me: I girded you. . .
This is a statement which shows God says: "I gave you what you needed for life." God gave life and breath, clothing, food, protection, whatever. He's speaking generally to Jacob, meaning Israel.
Isaiah 45:5 . . . I girded you, though you have not known me.
"I provided you even though you were enemy to Me." [Matthew 5:42-43 - "Love your enemies."] God does that.
Isaiah 45:6-7 That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me, I am the LORD, and there is none else. I form the light, [symbolically—good], and create darkness [the bad]: I make peace [the good], and create evil [the bad]: I the LORD do all these things.
This is very interesting. God creates calamity. As far as we've gone in the sermon, did God create calamity for Job, His servant who was upright, blameless, feared God, and shunned evil? Job was an obedient man. God created calamity. God creates confusing, frightening, painful events. Is God involved in disease and death too? Is that within the scope of creating calamity?
Christianity is not a dualistic religion. In a dualistic system, God and Satan are equal and opposing forces destined to fight an eternal struggle. God never wins. Everything ends in a tie.
Christianity is not dualistic like those religions that believe that kind of thing. The Bible presents God as Sovereign over His creation—and that includes the subordinate domain of Satan—or God is not sovereign. It's either one or the other. If He is not sovereign, and if the dualists are right—brethren, we are all lost.
Can we accept what the Bible presents about God, that He is sovereign over His creation, that He creates both good and calamity, and that He creates blessings as well as those things we will call cursings? We can come to only one conclusion, if we're going to believe what the Bible says, that God is the Lord of pain, disease, and death, as well as life, blessings, and prosperity.
Now when I said to you at the beginning that this is a very complex subject—I meant it. It's a mind-bender once we begin to try to put the pieces together on this. I think that we can honestly say that our God majors in suffering. Does not the Scripture say of our Savior in Isaiah 53:3 that our God never sinned? Jesus Christ never sinned, and yet He was a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief. Everything did not come up roses for Him. He says in the book of Revelation in the letters to the churches, "I overcame." It says in Hebrews 5:8, "He learned by the things which He suffered."
Do you see what I mean when I say that in the Old Testament God's providence is generally tied to obedience/disobedience? You obey God, you are blessed. You disobey God, and you are cursed. In the New Testament there is a twist there, so that we understand that His providence is tied to His creation. His creation is that He is creating Himself in us, and if it takes suffering to make us like Him, He will make us suffer. A question: Isn't the end result worth it? The suffering is therefore a blessing, and not a curse at all.
Now Jesus could say, "Not being a sinner, why should I suffer?" But unlike Job, He perfectly accepted His Father's will. Even at the end, where we might think there is a little bit of wavering—He said He didn't want to do it, but He went through the agony of that kind of a shameful death. "Nevertheless, not My will, but Yours be done."
If we think of Christianity in a simplistic "righteousness always produces blessings and sin produces curses," then we're going to be left with some unsatisfying answers in other areas of life. Why do the good suffer, and the evil are blessed? That's a question that Solomon, in all of his wisdom, had trouble with. You see, at the time Solomon lived, parts of God's revelation were not yet revealed. He wrote things on a very high level, but there were things that still escaped his understanding, so He said such things were vanity. He couldn't find an answer. You can be very happy that God is sovereign over His creation. He is love, and He is good, and God rules. If it were not this way, we would be condemned to live eternally in chaos with both our Father's and our hands eternally bound. We would live always subject to the fickleness of chance, because good and evil are not equal and opposing forces. Because God is what He is, good always triumphs.
I remember hearing Mr. Armstrong say a couple of different times that almost every prayer—right near the beginning—he said that he thanked God that He was God, because despite the way things look, they're going to work out right. He used to joke [saying], "I read the end of the story, and we win!" But in the meanwhile, we have to go through these things.
We've got a couple of questions now up to this point. One I already asked, but I will repeat it. Are God's judgments also providence? Are God's judgments also part of His protective care?
We'll go back to the book of Job again, because Job seemed to have the right idea in regard to this.
Job 1:20-22 Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, and worshipped, and said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the LORD gave, and the LORD has taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD. In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly.
Job 2:10 But he said unto her [his wife], You speak as one of the foolish women speaks. What? Shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil? In all this did not Job sin with his lips.
In effect, Job said that we should be willing to accept calamity as being from God, as well as the things we readily see as being blessings.
In the State of Arkansas a kind of interesting thing happened in regard to this. The State legislature passed a law regarding insurance claims that occurred as a result of "acts of God." That's exactly the way it was worded—"acts of God." They sent it on to the governor for his signature, but the governor would not sign it unless the legislature changed the wording from "acts of God" to "natural disasters." The governor of Arkansas happens to be a Baptist minister, so that makes it a little bit more interesting.
The governor's intent was that God not be held responsible for these destructive forces that sometimes are very costly in terms of the loss of life and property. It caused one congressman to comment—apparently this man was either sponsor of the bill, or something—"To say that God didn't create tornadoes is just like saying that He didn't create spring rains. If God didn't create the universe and all the forces in it, then I don't know who did." As far as I know, "acts of God" stayed in there.
Since we've got God involved in this, let's go back to Hebrews 1:3 where it talks to us about our Savior, and describes Him.
Hebrews 1:1-3 GOD, who at sundry [various] times and in divers [different] manners spoke in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he has appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high.
The key word for right now is where it says "and upholding all things." Jesus Christ upholds all things. He sustains all things by the word of His power. Notice the "-ing" on the end of "upholding." You get the impression of something that is constant. It is an action that is taking place. It gives the sense of continuous action, and therefore also continuous involvement. He is upholding all things. There's that word again. There is continuous involvement.
Jesus made some statements in this regard in other places. In John 5:17 He says, "My Father is working, and I work." Actually, it says, "My Father is working until now—right up to this moment—and I am working." In Colossians 1:17 it says, "By Him all things consist." In modern English it means, "By Him all things are sustained [held together]. It confirms what Hebrews 1:3 says.
Jesus Christ's position is the difference between "beep!" as of an automobile horn, and "b-e-e-e-e-e-e-e-e-e-p!"—something that is sustained. He is continuously involved with what is going on here on earth. That includes good, and what we would consider to be bad.
The name Thomas Jefferson has been in the news lately, but not the thing that I'm going to mention here. He is reputed to have held deist's notion in regard to this subject. These people aren't "dualist." They are deists. The deists believe that God is essentially like a clockmaker who created the clock, wound it up, and walked away to let it run on its own—the clock representing the universe.
You can see they're really "out." Hebrews 1:1-3 just smashes that, as does Colossians 1:17 smash it, as does John 5:17 smash it, and many many other verses. Thousands of them show that God is involved—intimately involved—with everything that is going on. He sustains all things. He holds everything together, and it is not just the creation of the physical things, it is also His involvement with people that He is upholding and sustaining as well.
The deists' idea allows the natural laws to work independently, without any intervention from God. Christianity's approach, which comes out of the whole Bible, allows for the natural laws, but sees them as always subject to God's sovereign rule.
Christianity's point of view is that the natural laws merely reflect the normal way that God governs. Christianity therefore allows for God's intervention to use them as He sees fit. And thus, if He wants to, He can divide the Red Sea. If He wants to, He can create an earthquake. If He wants to, He can interrupt the cycle of death and heal a person. If He wants to—the person is already dead and the laws of degeneration have claimed their price and now the body is rotting away—He can put it all back together and restore the person to life.
He can intervene. Whatever His will is, He is able to do. Christianity allows for God's intervention to use them as He sees fit. What we must do is search for true and satisfying answers to the question of whether God is sovereign and active, or whether things that happen are merely random acts. In other words, does "time and chance" really happen to those who are the called and who love God? That's a mind-bender.
As we go toward the conclusion of this sermon, we're going to throw something else into the mix here. It has to be considered, because it's part of the holy writ. This one, I think brethren, is really humbling. We're going to go back to the book of Judges, and I hope that this will give us a better perspective on ourselves in relation to fellow man, and of course to God as well.
Judges 4:1-3 And the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of the LORD, when Ehud was dead. And the LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Hazor, the captain of whose host was Sisera, which dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles. And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel.
Israel is really under a curse as a result of their sins. Now 900 chariots of iron was a tremendous technological advantage that the Canaanites had over the Israelites. It would be similar to us having the hydrogen bomb, when Mexico would be our enemy, and they haven't got anything that even comes close. If we were in the position of the Mexicans, we would be overwhelmed, and that's the way Israel's position was with those who were holding them in bondage there.
Judges 4:14 And Deborah said unto Barak, Up; for this is the day in which the LORD has delivered Sisera into your hand: is not the LORD gone out before you? So Barak went down from mount Tabor, and ten thousand men after him.
The commentators say ten thousand was probably a drop in the bucket compared to how many the Canaanites had. They not only had the technological superiority, they had the number superiority in spades. We find as we read the story, only two tribes were involved in this—Naphtali and Zebulon. The other ten were going about doing their own business. They couldn't be bothered.
Judges 4:15 And the LORD discomfited Sisera, and all his chariots, and all his host, with the edge of the sword before Barak; so that Sisera lighted down off his chariot, and fled away on his feet.
You know the story. Eventually Sisera got all tired out, got into Jael's tent, and when he was asleep, Jael rammed a tent peg right through his temple and nailed him to the floor. End of Sisera.
Now we're going to look in chapter 5, because here we get the poetic and more detailed explanation of what went on.
Judges 5:2-5 The Song of Deborah: Praise you the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered themselves. Hear, O you kings; give ear, O you princes; I, even I, will sing unto the LORD; I will sing praise to the LORD God of Israel. LORD, when you went out of Seir, when you marched out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, [Was that an earthquake? Possibly. Maybe not, as we'll see something else that might have caused the earth to tremble] and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water. The mountains melted [my margin says "gushed'] from before the LORD, even that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.
A subtle comparison is made there with what happened at Sinai when God came down on Mount Sinai to give the law. Deborah is comparing what happened at Mount Carmel and Mount Tabor to what happened at Mount Sinai to draw your attention to what happened at Mount Sinai so that you will understand what happened at Mount Tabor.
Judges 5:19-21 The kings came and fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of money. They fought from heaven the stars [angels] in their courses fought against Sisera. The river Kishon swept them away, that ancient river, the river Kishon. O my soul, you have trodden down strength.
Now we see how that God neutralized the technological superiority of the Canaanites. There was a well-timed tremendous cloudburst. It must have been a real gully washer—buckets, cats and dogs, and maybe pigs and everything else seemed to come down out of the heavens. When it says "the mountains melted," or "gushed," it was raining up there and torrents of water came rushing down that mountain and went into the river Kishon. The river Kishon overflowed its banks, and the ground became like so much muck. No good for the iron chariots. They sunk. The heavy horses sunk in the water and the muck, and were absolutely useless.
It may have been, that rather than having an earthquake—if you can ever think of the worst thunderstorm you might have ever gone through, where lightning was flashing all over the place and there was no let up at all, with one flash after another, with tremendous peals of thunder, and the ground and houses and everything was shaking—this was what was concentrated on the Canaanites. They were completely nullified. It says in this story, "Not one man escaped." Those who were not killed by the sword were drowned. This was a tremendous act of providence on God's part.
We have to ask a question. What about the Canaanites? Where are they in this picture? Now God is love. He judges without respect of person. Was His providence given the Israelites as a blessing also providence to the Cannaanites, even though on the surface they were the victims of a tremendous curse? Think about it.
We'll turn to another one in Psalm 18:7. This one involves David.
Psalm 18:7 Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth.
This sounds very familiar, doesn't it? David needed help. God intervened. There may have been an earthquake.
Psalm 18:8 There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, . . .
Did a volcano go off? I don't know. It's poetic language.
Psalm 18:8-11 . . .and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it. He bowed the heavens also, and came down: and darkness was under his feet. And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: yes, he did fly upon the wings of the wind. He made darkness his secret place: his pavilion round about him were dark waters and thick clouds of the skies.
Psalm 18:19 He brought me forth also into a large place; he delivered me, because he delighted in me.
God intervened in the natural order of things, but this time for David's benefit. But again, what about David's enemies that were overcome? Was David's providential blessing from God a providential curse for the enemy?
Let's look at one more in Psalm 77. We will stop here and leave you with this question.
Psalm 77:13-15 Your way, O God, is in the sanctuary: who is so great a God as our God? You are the God that does wonders: you have declared your strength among the people. You have with your arm redeemed your people, the sons of Jacob and Joseph. Selah [Think about this].
What he wants you to think about now is the children of Israel going out of Egypt.
Psalm 77:16-20 The waters saw you, O God, the waters saw you; they were afraid: the depths also were troubled. The clouds poured out water: the skies sent out a sound: your arrows also went abroad. The voice of your thunder was in the heaven: the lightnings lightened the world: the earth trembled and shook. Your way is in the sea, and your path in the great waters, and your footsteps are not known. You led your people like a flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
This is a poetic description of God parting the Red Sea to allow the Israelites to escape from their Egyptian pursuers. Did God create an awesome tornado (a whirlwind) to do the initial parting, and then sustain a wind to hold the thing apart? This is certainly possible, but it was a marvelous act of providence.
Again, was it providential for the Egyptians to die? They too are made in the image of God, and the only basic difference between them and us is what God has done to us. "There, but for the grace of God, go I." It needs to be considered if we're going to understand His providence, if we're going to see how completely, how carefully, how minutely, how lovingly He is working out, in your life, to an end so that you can be like Him.
Can we accept that—the bad along with the good? What does that do to our relationship, the way we look at our perspective of other people—unconverted people whose minds He hasn't yet opened? Here we are, the possessors of knowledge that is hidden from them, and God is working in our lives in a way that He is not working in their lives. Brethren, there are going to be times that you receive a blessing, and they pay for it, so you can have it. It's humbling. It needs to be considered.
The next time I speak, God willing, we will pick up here and we're going to take a look first-off at Joseph—a very interesting life. We will look at what he went through, and how he, as God's servant, had to pay an awesome price so that his brothers and father could be blessed.