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The Three Witnesses of Christ (Part Two)
As we saw in Part One, the apostle John was the only gospel writer to record John the Baptist's threefold testimony—of the water (covered in the last essay), the blood, and the Spirit. Significantly, he was also the only one to record the pouring out of Jesus Christ's blood. Notice John 19:33-37:
John testifies that, because of what he saw, he knew perfectly well who the Romans crucified on that awful day. He knew prophecy was being fulfilled right before his eyes. John says explicitly that he witnessed this and recorded it so that we might believe even as he did.
Jesus allowed His blood to be spilled for us. It was the price He was willing to pay to purchase the church of God (Acts 20:28). But for what purpose? Christ paid the price to redeem the firstfruits of His creation (James 1:18; Revelation 14:4). What creation? The answer takes us back to the beginning, when One member of the God Family said to the Other, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness" (Genesis 1:26). Christ's blood purchased the lives of those whom God is creating in His image. Right now, this divine work primarily involves the church, but eventually, it will encompass all humanity.
John's final witness of Christ's Messiahship is the Holy Spirit. We saw an application of this in John 1, where John the Baptist describes the Spirit descending on Jesus, but in John 15:26-27, the apostle records another incident that demonstrates this witness: "But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify [martureo] of Me. And you also will bear witness, because you have been with Me from the beginning."
John records Jesus saying that the Holy Spirit will testify of Him. Trinitarians trumpet John 15:26 as proof that the Holy Spirit must be a person—because only a person could testify. However, this same Greek word is rendered as "bear witness" in I John 5:7, where it reads, "For there are three that bear witness." It is just like saying that "there are three that testify." Nobody would claim that the water or the blood are persons, yet they bear witness or testify just as the Holy Spirit does. The Holy Spirit does not have to speak to testify. The presence of the Holy Spirit in an individual testifies or makes a witness in the same way the presence of Christ's blood, spilling onto the ground, made a silent witness to John.
Christ is saying that, when the disciples received the Holy Spirit, its presence would make a witness of who Christ is because Christ would then be dwelling in them through that Spirit (II Corinthians 6:16; Galatians 2:20). The presence of God's Spirit would testify of God, not necessarily by any spoken word, but by the evidence of a changed life.
Christ says a similar thing just before His ascension to the Father, telling the disciples in Acts 1:8 that they would receive power when the Holy Spirit came upon them, and they would be witnesses of Him to the ends of the earth. Galatians 5:22-23 tells us that when someone has the Holy Spirit, his or her life will produce evidence in the form of love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control. A life bearing the fruit of the Spirit is impossible to hide. Such a life will be a more effective testimony than anything spoken in front of a judge or jury.
Why did John single out these three things—the water, the blood, and the Spirit? Consider what He could have mentioned, but did not. He did not remark on the virgin birth or on Jesus' ancestry, nor did he refer to the many Old Testament prophecies Christ fulfilled or the miracles He performed. John even failed to bring up the only sign that Christ Himself offered to prove that He was the Messiah: that He would be a full three days and three nights in the grave (Matthew 12:40).
Certainly, all these are "witnesses" that prove who Christ was, but what John singles out are three things to which each of us can personally relate. These three witnesses are significant, not only because they identify the firstborn Son of God (Romans 8:29; Colossians 1:15, 18; Hebrews 1:6; 12:23; Revelation 1:5), but also because they identify all the sons of God! They do not apply in the exact same way, but they do apply.
In Part Three, we will consider I John 5:6-7 in the context of the apostle John's teaching to God's elect.
David C. Grabbe